16 juni 2014

Scope and objectives of the project

The main objective of the project “Power-to-Gas via Biological Catalysis (P2G-BioCat)” is to design, engineer, construct, and test a 1-MW power-to-gas facility at the wastewater treatment plant Avedøre in Copenhagen, Denmark. During 3,000 hours of operation, the facility will use wind energy produced in times of low power demand to produce hydrogen by means of water electrolysis. This hydrogen is then combined with CO2 and converted by microorganisms to methane, the principal component of natural gas. After this methanation step, the renewable gas will be injected into a low-pressure gas distribution grid supplying the greater Copenhagen area.

The facility will be operated according to an optimized trading strategy developed with a view toward maximizing value capture and mimicking the intermittent nature of wind and solar energy. Additional project objectives include the delivery of frequency regulation services to the Danish power grid and the recycling of heat and oxygen in the wastewater treatment plant.

The project has an overall budget of DKK 49.9 million (€6.7 million) and is generously supported by ForskEL, a technology demonstration support scheme administered by Kim Behnke, Head of Environment, Research and Development at, remarks: “’Now we will finally create the link between Denmark’s abundance of wind power and production of eco-friendly gas to the Danish gas grid. The integration is a quite necessary piece of the puzzle, when we are going to transform the energy systems and phase out the coal, oil and the natural gas system in the long term.”

Gas production is expected to begin by the middle of 2015 and the project is anticipated to conclude by December 2015. If successful, the BioCat Project will lift the technology to market readiness and allow for market introduction by the beginning of 2016.

The partners in the project

The BioCat Project is led by a high-profile, pan-European consortium covering the entire value chain of power-to-gas energy storage:

  • ApS is a leading technology developer in the field of biological methanation and is acting as the project supervisor;
  • Hydrogenics Europe N.V. is the world’s leading manufacturer of hydrogen systems for industry, energy storage, and transportation;
  • AUDI AG is a world leading manufacturer and distributor of premium cars and has a long-term strategic interest in developing mobility solutions based on renewable gas;
  • NEAS Energy A/S is a Danish energy trader and balance responsible party (BRP) with a strong track record in managing flexible demand assets;
  • HMN Gashandel A/S is a Danish energy service and gas distribution company managing gas grids, biogas upgrading plants, and grid injection facilities;
  • BIOFOS A/S is a publicly owned wastewater treatment facility and biogas producer located in Copenhagen;
  • Insero Business Services A/S is a consulting firm dedicated to start-up companies and specialized in project development, administration, dissemination, and controlling.

In addition, the Danish power and gas transmission grid operator will provide technical and administrative advice to support the execution of the project.